Firsthand and Secondhand Research

We have analyzed the question and you know what information we need to uncover it’s time to do the research there are basically two types of research firstly there is firsthand research where you go out talk to people conduct surveys you make observations you can really gather information in the real world the second kind of research is secondhand pursuit with you go to the library and you look at course materials books journal articles and even on the internet now when you are doing first-hand research that is things like interviews surveys observations etc it’s very important to prepare ahead of time take notes during the research gathering phase and have a clear idea about what information you need to find for example if we go back to our answer on teenage binge drinking who could you interview who could you survey what could you actually observe when you’re doing secondhand research.

You’re looking at the results of firsthand research that other people have done for example information in your course material readings in books journal articles databases internet sources etc just a quick word about internet sources be very careful of what you use from the internet because the Internet is unregulated anyone can put anything onto it you have to be sure that the information you’re getting online is credible to find out whether the information is credible take the author’s name and do a search in Google if you also have credibility you should be able to find other publications of as well as funny enough which university or institution is affiliated to if you can’t find this information be very wary of using anything that he’s posted on the web now if this never was the only use information which is posted on the credible organizations website laughing University or government department when you’re doing your research always remember that the bigger the quantity and the quality of evidence you present which supports your claim the more you can depend on it a good researcher is an active reader.

You need to have a pen or pencil in your hand whenever you are reading your source materials you have to stop often to gather your thoughts this system of responding to what you are reading is a good way to make notes about what you are reading on the screen now you will see one way of sitting out the notes you take as you are reading at the top the put source information the author the date the title or the publication details in other words all the information that you’re going to need later when you complete your reference list the rest of the page is divided into three columns where you can record the page number where you obtained the information a summary of the information and your response to this information in the summary column you are summarizing your own words the information from the source you are reading now when you are writing a summary there are four basic rules which you must remember.

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